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How to deploy ITarian clients on VDI environment

This article explains how to configure the master (golden) image so that each clone spawned from this image is auto-enrolled to Endpoint Manager.

Step 1 - Create a device group in EM for the clone machines

Open Endpoint Manager > Create a device group for the clone machines > Associate a profile with the device group:

  • Open Endpoint Manager

  • Click ‘Applications’ > ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’

    • Choose a target company if you are using the MSP version

  • Click the ‘Group Management’ tab

  • Click the ‘Create Group’ button:

  • Enter a label for the new group

  • Click 'Add'. The new group is created.

Next, associate the profile you want to use on the clones with your new group:

  • Click ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’

  • Click the ‘Group Management’ tab

  • Click on the name of the group you just created. In our example, ‘TestVDI’

  • Click the ‘Manage Profiles’ button then ‘Add Profiles’

 

Step 2 - Create the Client Communication (CC) Installation Package

  • The ITarian communication client (CC) auto-enrolls the instant clones to your new device group.
  • This means the clones will receive the configuration profile you associated with the group in step 1.

  • Each installer package is uniquely generated for your environment. Do not change the filename of the package as it is vital for enrolling the clone devices to the correct group.

Create a CCC installation package:

  • Click ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’ > ‘Bulk Installation Package’

  • This opens the installer config Screen:

  • Complete the details as follows:

    • User - The user with whom the package is associated. By default, this is the admin who is currently logged-in. You can change the user if required.Customer - MSPs only. Choose the company on whose behalf you want to create the installer.

    • Device Group - Type the name of the group you created in step 1. In our example this is ‘TestVDI’.

    • Operating system - Choose the OS of the target endpoints

    • Package options - Leave only ‘Communication client selected’. Don’t select ‘Comodo Client – Security’

    • Restart / UI options - Leave at defaults

  • Scroll down and click the ‘Download Installer’ button.

  • Save the file to your local machine

Reminder: Do NOT rename the .msi in any way. Doing so will mean the clones won’t get added to the correct group. You may ignore/close the ‘Auto Discovery and Deployment Tool’ pop-up

Creating the .msi also creates a user token which binds the installer to the chosen user (Default – the currently logged-in admin). This ensures new clones get enrolled to the correct user. Please make a note of this token as we will need it later in the process.

Get the user token

  • Click ‘Users’ > ‘User List’

  • Click the name of the user you entered in the package configuration step earlier

    • Click the funnel icon on the right if you need to search for a user

  • Click the ‘User Tokens’ tab:

  • The most recently created token is listed in the top-row. Make a note of the token string as you will need it later.
     

Step 3 - Get the hostname of EM

Next, you need to obtain the host name of your Endpoint Manager instance. You will need this in step 5 later.

  • Click ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’ > ‘Device Management’ tab

  • Click the ‘Enroll Device’ button above the table:

This starts the device enrollment wizard:

Step 1 – Device options

              Select Device – Choose 'Other device'

              Specify User – Start typing the username of the user you chose in step 2 and select the user from the suggestions.

              Click 'Next'

Step 2 - Enrollment options – Leave all default options and click 'Next'

Step 3 - Installation Summary – The choices you made are shown. Click 'Next'

Step 4 - Installation Instructions - The enrollment link is shown:

  • Make a note of the full hostname for later use.
     

Step 4 - Install the communication client and the security client (CCS) on the master image

  • Copy the communication client installer package you downloaded in step 2, to your master image VM and install it.
  • This will add your master image as a device to your new (in our example, ‘TestVDI’) device group.

  • Confirm the operation was a success in Endpoint Manager as follows:

    • Click ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’ > ‘Group Management’ tab

    • Click on the name of the group (‘TestVDI’ in our example)

    • Click the ‘Device Management’ tab

    • Your master image should be listed as a device there

Install Comodo Client – Security (CCS)

  • Stay on the ‘Device Management’ screen.

  • Use the checkbox on the left to select your master image device

  • Click the ‘Install or update packages’ button > ‘Install Additional Comodo Packages’:

This will open the CCS install config. Screen:

  • Make sure ‘Install Comodo Client – Security’ is selected and select the version of CCS to be installed (if enabled).

  • CCS requires the master image to be started for the installation to take effect. Choose reboot options as per your preference.

  • Click ‘Install’ to deploy CCS to your master image.

After the restart, you will have installed both CC and CCS on your master image. The image is listed as a device in your device group and has the correct profile associated with it.
 

Step 5 – Configure the master image to automatically enroll and unenroll during every startup / shutdown

  • Your master image needs to enroll itself to the device group in EM, every time you start it up and de-enroll every time you shut-down it.

  • The enrollment process requires an enrollment configuration file placed in the installation folder of communication client, every time.

  • EM places an enrollment configuration file during the initial enrollment of the image, but file is consumed during the first enrollment process.

  • In order to enroll the image every time the image is started, you can create a configuration file and save it in a backup folder created the installation folder of the communication client

  • You can download a sample configuration file, enter the host name, port and user token parameters to create the configuration file

  • You can also configure a .bat file to load the enrollment configuration file from the backup to the installation folder of the client every time the image is shutdown, so the image will be ready for enrollment during its next startup

  • If you are using a proxy, you should also place a proxy configuration file in the backup folder

Enroll and proxy requirements:

  • Download the sample 'enrollment_config.ini' from the location:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1EFg-2CyNOY5IpRrTIt-6rb8GybFcN4-k

The file contains the following:

[General]

host = companydomain.cmdm.comodo.com

port = 443

remove_third_party = false

suite = 4

token = xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

 

  • Edit the file to add the host and user token parameters and save the file.

If you have configured your profile with a 'Clients Proxy' section that instructs the master image to use a proxy to connect to EM, then you need a proxy configuration file loaded, during each enrollment.

  • Download the sample proxy configuration file 'proxy_settings.ini' from the following location

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1P070wdHWqL2crD9QiEzW_TlwlaefC5m-

The file contains the following:

[General]

proxy_use = "true"

proxy_host =

proxy_port =

proxy_use_auth = "false"

proxy_user =

proxy_password =

 

  • Edit the file to specify the hostname and connection port of the proxy server

  • If the proxy requires authentication, change the 'proxy_use_auth' to “true” and enter the username and password to access the proxy

  • Save the file.

Save the configuration file(s) in a backup folder

  • Create a backup folder in the following path:

32 bit OS - C:\Program Files\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\Backup

64 bit OS - C:\Program Files (x86)\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\Backup

  • Save the 'enrollment_config.ini' and 'proxy_settings.ini' (if you have created one) to the backup folder.

Unenroll requirements:

  • The device needs to be unenrolled from Endpoint Manager every time you shut down the master image.

  • Every time you shutdown the image, the 'enrollment_configuration.ini' (and 'proxy_settings.ini' if used) need to be loaded to the Comodo ITSM folder from the backup. This ensures the machine will be correctly enrolled, next time you start the machine

  • You can automate both these processes by creating a .bat file and running it during every shutdown, using a local group policy.

  • Make sure you have created a backup folder as explained above then follow these steps:

Create the batch file:

  • Download a sample batch file 'UnEnrolmentITSM_v1.bat' from the following location:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1yiTSAdr09UrVU00R9LAMxezLWS9BcQxV

The file contains the following:

@ECHO OFF

REM Please create a folder in the "Comodo ITSM" folder

REM In this folder please copy "enrollment_config.ini" and "proxy_settings.ini" files

REM This script will copy this two files on the "Comodo ITSM" folder after the enrollment command is run

SET backupfolder=Backup

REM If you are using proxy, please use Proxy = "yes"

SET proxy=no

 

IF EXIST "%SystemDrive%\Program Files (x86)" (

cd "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM"

ITSMService.exe -c 2

timeout 10

IF EXIST "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\enrollment_config.ini" (

del "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\enrollment_config.ini" >nul 2>&1

)

IF "%proxy%" == "yes" (

IF EXIST "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\proxy_settings.ini" (

del "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\proxy_settings.ini" >nul 2>&1

)

)

IF NOT EXIST "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\enrollment_config.ini" (

xcopy "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\%backupfolder%\enrollment_config.ini" "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\" /Y >nul 2>&1

)

IF "%proxy%" == "yes" (

IF NOT EXIST "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\proxy_settings.ini" (

xcopy "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\%backupfolder%\proxy_settings.ini" "%ProgramFiles(x86)%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\" /Y >nul 2>&1

)

)

) ELSE (

cd "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM"

ITSMService.exe -c 2

timeout 10

IF EXIST "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\enrollment_config.ini" (

del "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\enrollment_config.ini" >nul 2>&1

)

IF "%proxy%" == "yes" (

IF EXIST "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\proxy_settings.ini" (

del "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\proxy_settings.ini" >nul 2>&1

)

)

IF NOT EXIST "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\enrollment_config.ini" (

xcopy "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\%backupfolder%\enrollment_config.ini" "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\" /Y >nul 2>&1

)

IF "%proxy%" == "yes" (

IF NOT EXIST "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\proxy_settings.ini" (

xcopy "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\%backupfolder%\proxy_settings.ini" "%ProgramFiles%\COMODO\Comodo ITSM\" /Y >nul 2>&1

)

)

)

 

  • Edit the file to add the following parameters:

    • SET backupfolder= <the location of the backup folder, in which the configuration files are saved>

    • SET proxy=<whether or not the image uses a proxy to connect to EM server>

  • Place the 'UnEnrolmentITSM_v1.bat' file in a location that is not restricted by Windows.

    • For example, create a folder on the %SystemDrive% with the name temp and place the .bat file inside.

Create a local group policy to run the batch file during shutdown

  • Run gpedit.msc

  • Navigate to 'Computer Configuration' > 'Windows Settings' > 'Scripts (Startup/Shutdown)' > 'Shutdown'

  • Click 'Properties'

  • Click 'Add' in the 'Shutdown Properties' dialog

  • Click 'Browse' in the 'Add a script' dialog, navigate to and select the 'UnEnrolmentITSM_v1.bat' file

  • Click OK to add the file

  • Click 'OK' in the 'Shutdown Properties' dialog for your settings to take effect.

 

Step 6: Rate the .bat file as ‘Trusted’ on the master image machine

We want the 'UnEnrolmentITSM_v1.bat' file to run unimpeded, so we need to give it a ‘Trusted’ file rating in Comodo Client Security (CCS). Doing so means CCS will not block the file regardless of the security level you are using.

1) Enable the file list

  • Open Endpoint Manager

  • Click ‘Configuration Templates’ > ‘Profiles’

  • Click on the name of the profile you applied to the master image

  • Open the ‘UI Settings’ tab

    • Click ‘Add Profile Section’ > ‘UI Settings’ if you have not yet added this section

  • Open the 'General Settings' tab (if it is not already open)

  • Enable ‘Show File List’ and save the profile

  • This will command CCS on the master image to make the file list available to you

2) Give the .bat file a trusted rating

  • Open Comodo Client Security on your master image

  • Click ‘Settings’ > ‘File Rating’ > ‘File List’

  • Click the ‘Add’ button > ‘Files’

  • Browse to the .bat file and click ‘Ok’.

  • Select ‘Trusted’ as the rating:

  • Click ‘OK’

  • Click ‘OK’ in the 'Advanced Settings' interface to apply the new rating.

The batch file is now trusted and will not be blocked by CCS.
 

Step 7: Confirm that CCS doesn’t need a reboot

Important:

At this step you should confirm that Comodo Client Security doesn’t require a restart. For example, a restart is required If you add or remove AV, FW or Containment from a profile.
 

Step 8: Restart the master image

  • Restart the master image device to confirm the following:

    • The device is removed from Endpoint Manager when you shut it down

    • The device is re-enrolled when the reboot is complete

    • The device is correctly added to the correct device group (‘TestVDI’ in our example)

You can check the success or failure of all these steps in the Endpoint Manager interface:

  • Open Endpoint Manager > Click ‘Devices’ > ‘Device List’ > ‘Group Management’ tab > open the device group

Shutdown:

Restarting:

 

Step 9: Confirm that the clones are enrolled to Endpoint Manager

  • Update the machine catalog after confirming that the Golden Image is working correctly

    • See the screenshot below, for Citrix, as an example:

After the update, please test whether the clones are enrolled/removed from Endpoint Manager.